Patent Filings Roundup: Glut of Settlements; Fortress and Apple Settle Seven Networks; Fintiv Applies to ITC

By Jonathan Stroud
December 9, 2020

https://depositphotos.com/3834376/stock-photo-lawsuit.htmlAs we head into the holidays, district court patent filings were down (51) and settlements/terminations up (51), with another 32 petitions filed before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB). The filings for the Board are fewer than usual in general, though given that frequent filer WSOU provoked at least eight inter partes reviews (IPRs) from Huawei, driving the number up a tad. Once-frequent filer Empire IP resurfaced with a number of new suits, too. What are the odds we have a quiet end of the year?

Settlement City: Normally I don’t report on terminations, but it’s worth noting that in the past week, 51 district court complaints were terminated, ostensibly as courts and parties move into the holidays and try to clear out work and take care of matters/get credit in 2020 prior to the inevitable en-of-year lull. Many appear to be the typical file-and-settle fare, including cases brought by IP Edge, Leigh Rothschild, and other large-scale aggregators like IP Investments Group, Fortress, and the like.

The ITC: It Just Keeps Going, and Going, and Going… Korean Battery competitors SK Innovation Co. Ltd. and LG Chem, Ltd., both of whom provide batteries for tons of electric vehicles, have been locked in an International Trade Commission (ITC) battle for months. Accused respondent SK Innovation brought IPRs on the four patents relatively quickly (six challenges in total, of those discussed this week); the Board denied all six based on the ITC trial, effectively extending Fintiv’s reasoning to ITC cases. The decisions were the subject of an unrelated Board panel change order the same day that they issued, removing administrative patent judge Grace Obermann, who has been nominated to the Court of Federal Claims and looks to likely be confirmed prior to the end of the Congressional term.

Fortress of Solitude: It appears Apple and Fortress IP have settled their wide-ranging disputes, at least for now. After having been sued on Seven Networks patents in the Eastern District of Texas, and then filing at least 16 IPRs against them (and running into and overcoming General Plastics/Fintiv) and then having the November trial date suspended by COVID, Apple and Fortress IP appear to have settled their difference and have moved to dismiss at least the 16 IPRs, the district court case (CITE), and their part of the Fortress IP antitrust complaint (filed in conjunction with Intel). (CITE).

It’s an interesting thought experiment to ask whether the case would have settled had the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office used their discretion to deny those petitions after the substantial investment in them, particularly given that the trial date never materialized—would those matters have settled?  But as they didn’t, it’s just idle speculation. Those matters challenge a whole portfolio of patents and include the now-terminated IPR2020-00584, IPR2020-00279, IPR2020-00506, IPR2020-00255, IPR2020-00235, IPR2020-00180, IPR2020-00285, IPR2020-00157, IPR2020-00236, IPR2020-00280, IPR2020-00188, IPR2020-00266 IPR2020-00156, IPR2020-00707, IPR2020-00490, and IPR2020-00491. It’s also interesting to compare them to the denials in the similarly situated Intel v. VLSI case, another brought by a Fortress subsidiary whose trial date hasn’t materialized, but over which a similar number of IPRs were denied under Fintiv.

                                PTAB (32)

Case Number Action Owner Petitioner Patent
IPR2021-00188 Filed Panasonic Corp Danisco US Inc. [DuPont de Nemours] 10058107
IPR2021-00246 Filed Osteoplastics, LLC Materialise N.V. 9292920
IPR2021-00245 Filed Osteoplastics, LLC Materialise N.V. 9330206
IPR2021-00258 Filed Trenchant Blade Technologies LLC [Longhorn IP] Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. 7494846
IPR2021-00229 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development [WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Huawei Device USA Inc.
Huawei Technologies USA, Inc.
Huawei Investment & Holding Co Ltd
Huawei Device (Shenzhen) Co.,Ltd.
et al.
8429480
IPR2021-00225 Filed Wsou Investments LLC [d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development, WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd 7515546
IPR2021-00283 Filed One-e-way Inc Apple Inc. 8131391
IPR2021-00224 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC [d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development, WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 7508755
IPR2021-00294 Filed Analog Devices Inc XILINX, INC. 7274321
IPR2021-00257 Filed Trenchant Blade Technologies LLC [Longhorn IP] Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd 7056821
IPR2021-00256 Filed Trenchant Blade Technologies LLC [Longhorn IP] Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd 6720619
IPR2021-00268 Filed Trustees Of Dartmouth College Thorne Research, Inc. 8383086
IPR2021-00266 Filed Natera, Inc Progenity, Inc [Arthyrium Capital Management] 9424392
IPR2021-00287 Filed One-e-way Inc Apple Inc. 10129627
IPR2021-00285 Filed One-e-way Inc Apple Inc. 10468047
IPR2021-00222 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC [d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd 6882627
IPR2021-00189 Filed Panasonic Corp Danisco US Inc. 10555541
IPR2021-00278 Filed Formerly eCredit Soutions [Presumably now Hardison Holding Company, LLC, Robert Hills] Askeladden LLC 8788353
IPR2021-00284 Filed One-e-way Inc Apple Inc. 10468047
IPR2021-00274 Filed AutoStore Technology AS Ocado Group PLC 10294025
IPR2021-00248 Filed Osteoplastics, LLC Materialise N.V. 9672302
IPR2021-00271 Filed Ar Design Innovations LLC
Macpearl Design LLC
Marxent Labs, LLC 7277572
IPR2021-00227 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC [d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd 9084199
IPR2021-00228 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development [Development WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Huawei Device USA Inc.
Huawei Technologies USA, Inc.
Huawei Investment & Holding Co Ltd
Huawei Device (Shenzhen) Co.,Ltd.
et al.
8249446
IPR2021-00226 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC [d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd 8200224
IPR2021-00267 Filed Natera, Inc Progenity, Inc 10240202
IPR2021-00277 Filed Worlds Inc. [f/k/a Worlds.com Inc.] Microsoft Corporation 8082501
IPR2021-00247 Filed Osteoplastics, LLC Materialise N.V. 9672617
IPR2021-00254 Filed Spansion LLC [Infineon Technologies, Inc.] STMicroelectronics, Inc. 7495951
IPR2021-00237 Filed Intellectual Pixels Ltd Sony Interactive Entertainment LLC 10681109
IPR2021-00286 Filed One-e-way Inc Apple Inc. 10129627
IPR2021-00223 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC [d/b/a Brazos Licensing and Development WSOU Holdings, Inc.] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd 7095713
IPR2020-01095 Not Instituted – Merits HandyLab, Inc NeuMoDx Molecular, Inc. 8703069
IPR2020-01091 Not Instituted – Merits HandyLab, Inc NeuMoDx Molecular, Inc. 8273308
IPR2020-01082 Not Instituted – Merits Masimo Corporation Sotera Wireless, Inc. 10255994
IPR2020-00978 Not Instituted – Merits Proxicom Wireless, LLC Target Corporation 8116749
IPR2020-01100 Not Instituted – Merits HandyLab, Inc NeuMoDx Molecular, Inc. 8703069
IPR2020-01036 Not Instituted – Procedural LG Chem, Ltd.
Toray Battery Seperator Film CO., LTD
Toray Industries, INC.
SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
SK Battery America, Inc.
7709152
IPR2020-00987 Not Instituted – Procedural SK Battery America, Inc.
LG Chem, Ltd.
LG CHEM, LTD
Toray Industries, INC.
SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
SK Battery America, Inc.
7638241
IPR2020-00981 Not Instituted – Procedural SK Battery America, Inc.
LG Chem, Ltd.
SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
SK Battery America, Inc.
7771877
IPR2020-00991 Not Instituted – Procedural LG Chem, Ltd. SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
SK Battery America, Inc.
8012626
IPR2020-00992 Not Instituted – Procedural LG Chem, Ltd. SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
SK Battery America, Inc.
8012626
IPR2020-00982 Not Instituted – Procedural SK Battery America, Inc.
LG Chem, Ltd.
SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
SK Battery America, Inc.
7771877
IPR2020-01458 Instituted The Regents of the University of California General Electric Company
Consumer Lighting (U.S.), LLC
GE Lightning
9859464
IPR2020-01049 Instituted Ultravision Technologies, LLC Glux Visual Effects Tech (Shenzhen) Co.
Leyard Optoelectronic Co.
Shenzhen Liantronics Co., Ltd.
Unilumin Group Co., Ltd.
9990869
IPR2020-01006 Instituted IP Reservoir, LLC
Exegy, Inc
IP RESERVOIR, LLC
Activ Financial Systems, Inc.
ACTIV FINANCIAL SYSTEMS, INC
10121196
IPR2020-01037 Instituted hybir Inc Veeam Software Corporation 8051043
IPR2020-01022 Instituted Arbor Global Strategies LLC [Arbor Company, LLLP] Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Samsung Electronics
Pantech Co., Ltd.
6781226
IPR2020-01021 Instituted Arbor Global Strategies LLC [Arbor Company, LLLP] Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS, CO., LTD.,
7282951
IPR2020-01020 Instituted Arbor Global Strategies LL [Arbor Company, LLLP] Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. RE42035
IPR2020-01015 Instituted Masimo Corporation Sotera Wireless, Inc. 9795300
IPR2020-01019 Instituted Masimo Corporation Sotera Wireless, Inc. RE47353
IPR2020-00985 Instituted Monterey Research, LLC [Vector Capital Corp.] Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. 6651134
IPR2020-00928 Instituted Midwest Energy Emissions Corp. NRG Energy, Inc.
Talen Energy Corporation
Vistra Energy Corp.
8168147
IPR2020-01039 Instituted hybir Inc
HYBIR, INC
Veeam Software Corporation
VEEAM SOFTWARE CORPORATION
9037545
IPR2020-01032 Instituted Synkloud Technologies, LLC [Ideahub, Inc.] Microsoft Corporation
HP, Inc.
10015254
IPR2020-01456 Instituted The Regents of the University of California General Electric Company
Consumer Lighting (U.S.), LLC
7781789
IPR2020-01459 Instituted The Regents of the University of California General Electric Company
Consumer Lighting (U.S.), LLC
10217916
IPR2020-00989 Instituted Monterey Research, LLC [Vector Capital Corp.] Advance Micro Devices, Inc
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
6765407
IPR2020-01050 Instituted Ultravision Technologies, LLC Glux Visual Effects Tech (Shenzhen) Co.
Leyard Optoelectronic Co.
Shenzhen Liantronics Co., Ltd.
Unilumin Group Co., Ltd.
9978294
IPR2020-01031 Instituted Synkloud Technologies, LLC [Ideahub, Inc.] Microsoft Corporation
HP, Inc.
10015254
IPR2020-01040 Instituted hybir Inc Veeam Software Corporation 9679146
IPR2020-00974 Instituted Impinj, Inc. NXP USA, Inc 9349090
IPR2020-01054 Instituted Masimo Corporation Sotera Wireless, Inc. 9872623
IPR2020-00979 Instituted Proxicom Wireless, LLC Target Corporation 9161164
IPR2020-01033 Instituted Masimo Corporation Sotera Wireless, Inc. RE47249
IPR2020-01457 Instituted The Regents of the University of California General Electric Company
Consumer Lighting (U.S.), LLC
9240529
IPR2020-01252 Instituted Novo Nordisk A/S Pfizer, Inc. 8114833
IPR2020-00948 Instituted Arsus, LLC Unified Patents, LLC 10259494
IPR2020-00980 Instituted Proxicom Wireless, LLC Target Corporation 8385913
IPR2020-01038 Instituted hybir Inc Veeam Software Corporation 8051043
IPR2020-00990 Instituted Monterey Research, LLC [Vector Capital Corp.] Advance Micro Devices, Inc
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
6534805
IPR2020-00977 Instituted Proxicom Wireless, LLC Target Corporation 8369842
IPR2020-01024 Instituted Autronic Plastics, Inc.
Clear-Vu Lighting LLC
Apogee Lighting Holdings, LLC 10190760
IPR2020-01023 Instituted Autronic Plastics, Inc.
Clear-Vu Lighting LLC
Apogee Lighting Holdings, LLC 9909748
IPR2020-00926 Instituted Midwest Energy Emissions Corp.
MIDWEST ENERGY EMISSIONS CORP
NRG Energy, Inc.
Talen Energy Corporation
Vistra Energy Corp.
NRG ENERGY, INC
TALEN ENERGY CORPORATION
8168147
IPR2020-01014 Instituted IP Reservoir, LLC
Exegy, Inc
IP RESERVOIR, LLC
Activ Financial Systems, Inc.
ACTIV FINANCIAL SYSTEMS, INC
7921046
IPR2020-00934 Instituted Proxicom Wireless, LLC
PROXICOM WIRELESS, LLC
Target Corporation
TARGET CORPORATION
8385896
PGR2020-00065 Instituted Kerr Machine Co. Cizion, LLC
Vulcan Industrial Manufacturing
Cizion, LLC d/b/a Vulcan Industrial Manufacturing
10591070
IPR2019-01044 Final Written Decision Deere & Company Precision Planting, LLC
AGCO Corporation
8813663
IPR2019-01046 Final Written Decision Deere & Company Precision Planting, LLC
AGCO Corporation
9480199
IPR2019-01165 Final Written Decision Netsoc, LLC
NETSOC, LLC
Chegg, Inc.
Match Group Inc.
RPX Corporation
CHEGG INC
MATCH GROUP, LLC
et al.
9978107
IPR2019-01118 Final Written Decision Kojicast, LLC
KOJICAST, LLC
Unified Patents, LLC
UNIFIED PATENTS INC
9749380
IPR2019-00941 Final Written Decision Blackberry Limited Facebook, Inc.
Instagram, LLC
WhatsApp, Inc.
8296351
IPR2019-01048 Final Written Decision Deere & Company Precision Planting, LLC
AGCO Corporation
9686906
PGR2019-00050 Final Written Decision Nucurrent, Inc. Samsung
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
10063100
PGR2019-00049 Final Written Decision Nucurrent, Inc. Samsung
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
10063100
IPR2019-01053 Final Written Decision Deere & Company
DEERE & COMPANY
Precision Planting, LLC
AGCO Corporation
PRECISION PLANTING, LLC
AGCO CORP
9861031
IPR2019-00940 Final Written Decision Blackberry Limited Facebook, Inc.
Instagram, LLC
WhatsApp, Inc.
8676929
IPR2019-01072 Final Written Decision Hanwha Q Cells & Advanced Materials Corp.
Hanwha Solutions Corporation
HANWHA Q CELLS & ADVANCED MATERIALS CORPORATION
LONGi Solar Technology K.K.
LONGI GREEN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
LONGI SOLAR TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
LONGI (H.K.) TRADING LTD.
LONGI SOLAR TECHNOLOGY (TAIZHOU) CO., LTD.
et al.
9893215
IPR2019-01171 Final Written Decision Netsoc, LLC
NETSOC, LLC
Chegg, Inc.
Match Group Inc.
RPX Corporation
CHEGG, INC
MATCH GROUP, LLC
et al.
9978107

                         District Court (52)

Case Number Action Plaintiff Defendant Patent
2:20-cv-10876 Filed Nitetek Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Bolide Technology Group, Inc. 6661783
1:20-cv-01629 Filed RideShare Displays, Inc. Lyft, Inc. 9892637
10169987
10395525
10559199
10748417
1:20-cv-04816 Filed Healthier Choices Management Corp. Philip Morris USA, Inc.
Philip Morris Products S.A.
10561170
6:20-cv-01095 Filed Fleet Connect Solutions, LLC [Empire IP] Goldberg Asset Monitoring, LLC dba Efficient Fleets 7742388
8005053
7656845
7058040
8494581
1:20-cv-01254 Filed BillingNetwork, Inc. [BillingNetwork Patent, Inc.] My Practice Now LLC 6374229
6:20-cv-01102 Filed Rothschild Broadcast Distribution Systems, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Eagle Eye Networks, Inc. 8856221
6:20-cv-01103 Filed Ranging Optics, LLC [IP Valuation Partners, LLC] Bass Pro Group, LLC
Cabela`s LLC
Cabela`s Wholesale L.L.C.
6512574
7443927
3:20-cv-08608 Filed Acer, Inc.
Acer American Corporation
Intellisoft Ltd
BRUCE BIERMAN
5903765
5870613
5410713
5884087
4:20-cv-00372 Filed Deere & Co. AG Leader Technology, Inc.
Kinze Manufacturing, Inc.
8813663
10729063
9693498
9480199
8850998
9686906
2:20-cv-10826 Filed Tunnel IP LLC [IP Edge] Monoprice 7916877
2:20-cv-10828 Filed Tunnel IP LLC [IP Edge] AVA Enterprises, Inc. 7916877
6:20-cv-01092 Filed HD Silicon Solutions LLC [f/k/a Innovative Solutions, LLC] Microchip Technology 7870404
7810002
6748577
7154299
7302619
6774033
7260731
2:20-cv-10896 Filed Worldwide Creations, LLC Newacme LLC
Neurocket, LLC
10398214
9468284
D759396
10016048
2:20-cv-00370 Filed Fleet Connect Solutions, LLC [Empire IP] Gentrifi LLC 6549583
6633616
6429810
2:20-cv-11056 Filed Pause Commercials Inc. Hulu Inc. 10278619
3:20-cv-03574 Filed Social Positioning Input Systems, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Tenna, LLC 9261365
6:20-cv-01108 Filed Dali Wireless, Inc. Corning, Inc. 9826508
1:20-cv-03132 Filed Eli Lilly & Co. Shilpa Medicare Limited 7772209
2:20-cv-17496 Filed THERAPEUTICSMD, INC. Teva Pharmaceutical
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Limited
10806697
10835487
3:20-cv-08490 Filed Revivermx, Inc. Harold Parker 7096102
3:20-cv-08491 Filed Express Mobile, Inc. Booking Holdings Inc. 9471287
9928044
6546397
9063755
7594168
6:20-cv-02189 Filed Proslide Technology, Inc. WhiteWater West Industries, Ltd. 10702783
10702783
10500508
10500508
9079111
10369480
D901613
D903804
D892960
6:20-cv-01096 Filed Fleet Connect Solutions, LLC [Empire IP] Melton Truck Lines, Inc. 7260153
6:20-cv-01097 Filed Fleet Connect Solutions, LLC [Empire IP] Southern Glazer`s Wine and Spirits, LLC
Southern Glazer`s Wine and Spirits of Texas II, LLC
Southern Glazer`s Wine and Spirits of Texas, LLC
Southern Glazer`s Services, LLC
7463896
7536189
6:20-cv-01104 Filed AML IP, LLC [Dynamic IP Deals, LLC d/b/a DynaIP] Macy`s 7177838
2:20-cv-11055 Filed Lightside Technologies, LLC Supersonic, Inc. 5999220
8228979
6370198
6:20-cv-01110 Filed DynaEnergetics US, Inc
DynaEnergetics Europe GmbH
Yellow Jacket Oil Tools, LLC 10844697
8:20-cv-02259 Filed Nitetek Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Dahua Technology USA Inc. 6661783
3:20-cv-08418 Filed Celebration IP LLC [IP Edge] ITM-USA, Inc. 6346795
2:20-cv-01759 Filed Realm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Smartsheet Inc 6330573
7996356
6324551
2:20-cv-01760 Filed Kaleasy Tech LLC [IP Edge] Valve Corp. 7899479
3:20-cv-08492 Filed Express Mobile, Inc. SAP SE
SAP America
SAP Labs, LLC
6546397
9928044
9063755
9471287
7594168
1:20-cv-01630 Filed Mochida Pharmaceutical Co,Ltd
Amarin Pharma, Inc.
Amarin Pharmaceuticals Ireland Limited
Hikma Pharmaceuticals PLC.
HIKMA PHARMACEUTICALS USA INC.
9700537
8642077
10568861
3:20-cv-03549 Filed Social Positioning Input Systems, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Calamp Corp. 9261365
2:20-cv-01768 Filed Word Ape, LLC dba ChomChom Roller Pawico 8117706
1:20-cv-01644 Filed Ravgen, Inc. Illumina
Verinata Health, Inc.
7727720
7332277
1:20-cv-01646 Filed Ravgen, Inc. Roche Sequencing Solutions, Inc.
Roche Molecular System, Inc.
Ariosa Diagnostics, Inc.
Foundation Medicine, Inc.
7332277
7727720
1:20-cv-10195 Filed Geigtech East Bay LLC Lutron Electronics Co., Inc. 10822872
6:20-cv-01105 Filed AML IP, LLC [Dynamic IP Deals, LLC d/b/a DynaIP] SCIPLAY PARENT COMPANY
SCIPLAY CORPORATION
SCIPLAY HOLDING COMPANY, LLC
7177838
3:20-cv-08414 Filed Altair Logix LLC [IP Edge] AVerMedia Technologies, Inc. 6289434
1:20-cv-01622 Filed REC Solar Pte. Ltd. Hanwha Solutions Corporation
Hanwha Q Cells USA, Inc.
10749060
1:20-cv-01627 Filed Kaleasy Tech LLC [IP Edge] Unity Technologies Corporation 7899479
2:20-cv-01758 Filed Wave Linx LLC [IP Edge] Infratel US Inc 8843549
3:20-cv-08461 Filed Express Mobile, Inc. Salesforce.com 9928044
6546397
9063755
9471287
7594168
1:20-cv-01633 Filed Neustar
TRUSTID, Inc.
Payfone, Inc. dba Prove
Prove, Inc.
8238532
9871913
9001985
9762728
4:20-cv-00280 Filed Fleet Connect Solutions [Empire IP] Dayton Freight Lines, Inc. 9299044
9747565
10671949
7742388
4:20-cv-00927 Filed Social Positioning Input Systems, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Tail Light, LLC 9261365
2:20-cv-02320 Filed Sam Sutton Rondo Pools and Spas Incorporated
Nautica Pools LLC
Patio Pools of Tucson Incorporated
Dolphin Pool Construction Company
Shasta Industries Incorporated
et al.
8820355
1:20-cv-04857 Filed Jeffrey L. Evans
Duvall & Evans, Inc
Bearback, LLC
James M Duvall
D825192
4:20-cv-04120 Filed UV Partners, Inc. Proximity Systems, Inc. 9901652
10413624
6:20-cv-01106 Filed DatRec, LLC [Nacar IP] Athenahealth, Inc. 8156158
6:20-cv-01107 Filed DatRec, LLC [Nacar IP] eCLINICAL WORKS, INC. 8156158

Image Source: Deposit Photos
Image ID:3834376
Copyright:gunnar3000

The Author

Jonathan Stroud

Jonathan Stroud is Chief IP Counsel at Unified Patents, LLC, where he manages a growing team of talented, diverse attorneys and oversees a docket of administrative challenges, appeals, licensing, and district court work in addition to IP, administrative, amicus, policy, marketing, and corporate matters.

Prior to Unified he was a patent litigator for Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP, and a former medical devices patent examiner at the USPTO. He earned his J.D. with honors from the American University Washington College of Law; his B.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Tulane University; and his M.A. in Print Journalism from the University of Southern California. He enjoys teaching, writing, and speaking on patent and administrative law.

Warning & Disclaimer: The pages, articles and comments on IPWatchdog.com do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author as of the time of publication and should not be attributed to the author’s employer, clients or the sponsors of IPWatchdog.com. Read more.

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